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"NOT BY CHANCE" - : 1,

, " , "NOT BY CHANCE", - 1997. . " , M.I.T . . . , .

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1.     

1859, ' . , ' . , ' , -500 - 1,250 . , . , 15 . " " "Origin of Species", ' .

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-19 " " . [raven 1967]. , .

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' (1809-1882) , ,   [Himmelfarb 1962]. . 16, , . , . ' . .

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- Beagle, [4]. , . . . , .

, ' 1856 . 1858, , - , . . .  . , ? . (Linean Society).

1859 " " " " -" ".

, . . . -Beagle " , , . -Beagle , , , . [Darwin C. G. 1959].

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(1838) 15 , " ". , . . . . [Eliot 1909, p. 7].

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[1986] " . , " . , [Wynne Edwards 1965, 1986, Bergerud 1983].

. " ", . , . . ,       Bradshaw 1965]].

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. . , " ". "" [Darwin 1873, pp. 128 ff. ].

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- . , . , . - , 50 , [1893]. , .

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- , - . , - 40 . -DNA.

- . . , . [GOULD 1989. pp. 292 ff] .

 

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[1] , . " (Edwin Hubble) -1923 " " ,     " ", "  (Arno Penzias) (Robert Wilson).

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